ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT CABINET

Department for Environmental Protection

Division of Waste Management

(As Amended at ARRS, November 13, 2017)

 

††††† 401 KAR 39:090. Hazardous waste permit program[Postclosure fees].

 

††††† RELATES TO: KRS 224.10, 224.46, 224.50-130, 224.99, 304.11-030, 40 C.F.R. 264, 265, 266, 267

††††† STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 224.46-520, 224.5-130[224.10-100, 224.46-550]

††††† NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 224.46-520 requires the Energy and Environment Cabinet to promulgate administrative regulations establishing standards for hazardous waste permitting and persons engaging in the storage, treatment, disposal, and recycling of hazardous waste, and to establish standards for these permits, to require adequate financial responsibility, to establish corrective action requirements, and to establish minimum standards for closure for all facilities and the post-closure monitoring and maintenance of hazardous waste disposal facilities[KRS 224.10-100(20) states that the cabinet may provide by administrative regulation for a reasonable schedule of fees for the cost of processing applications for permits, exemptions, and partial exemptions]. KRS 224.50-130 requires the Energy and Environment Cabinet to list additional compounds as hazardous wastes and to consider additional criteria in making a determination to issue, deny, or condition a permit for a hazardous waste site or facility for treatment, storage, or disposal of nerve agents[KRS 224.46-550 requires the cabinet to promulgate administrative regulations requiring the payment of reasonable fees for hazardous waste registration certificates and permits. The purpose of this chapter is to establish a fee schedule for hazardous waste management]. This administrative regulation establishes the standards for the hazardous waste permit program[fee schedule for permits for the postclosure care period for land disposal hazardous waste sites or facilities].

 

††††† Section 1. Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities. Except as established in subsections (1) through (7) of this section and Sections 5 through 9 of this administrative regulation, standards for owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities shall be as established in 40 C.F.R. Part 264, except 40 C.F.R. 264.1(f), 40 C.F.R. 264.1(g)(12), 40 C.F.R. 264.15(b)(5), 40 C.F.R. 264.149, 40 C.F.R. 264.150, 40 C.F.R. 264.301(l), 40 C.F.R. 264.1030(d), 40 C.F.R. 264.1050(g), and 40 C.F.R. 264.1080(e) through[to] (g)[Applicability].

††††† (1) The Maximum Concentration of Constituents for Groundwater Protection in 40 C.F.R. 264.94, Table 1 shall be replaced with Table 1 of this subsection.

Table 1: Maximum Concentration of Constituents for Groundwater Protection

Maximum Contaminant Constituent

Level (mg/l)

Antimony

0.006

Arsenic

0.01

Barium

2.0

Benzene

0.005

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.0002

Beryllium

0.004

Cadmium

0.005

Carbon tetrachloride

0.005

Chlordane

0.002

Chromium

0.1

Cyanide (as free Cyanide)

0.2

Dibromochloropropane

0.0002

1,2-Dichloroethane

0.005

o-Dichlorobenzene

0.6

p-Dichlorobenzene

0.075

1,1-Dichloroethylene

0.007

cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene

0.07

trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene

0.1

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride)

0.005

2,4-D (2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid)

0.07

1,2-Dichloropropane

0.005

Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

0.006

Dinoseb

0.007

Endothall

0.1

Endrin

0.002

Ethylene dibromide (1,2-Dibromoethane)

0.00005

Fluoride

4.0

Heptachlor

0.0004

Heptachlor epoxide

0.0002

Hexachlorobenzene

0.001

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene

0.05

Lead

0.15

Lindane

0.0002

Mercury

0.002

Methoxychlor

0.04

Monochlorobenzene

0.1

Polychlorinated biphenyls

0.0005

Pentachlorophenol

0.001

Selenium

0.05

Tetrachloroethylene

0.005

Thallium

0.002

Toluene

1

Toxaphene

0.003

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

0.2

Trichloroethylene

0.005

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

0.07

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

0.005

2,4,5-TP Silvex

0.01

2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin)

3.0 x 10-8

Vinyl chloride

0.002

 

 

[This administrative regulation applies to all owners and operators of hazardous waste sites or facilities in Kentucky who submit an application for a postclosure permit as specified in Section 1(2) of 401 KAR 38:010. This fee does not apply to owners and operators of hazardous waste sites or facilities that submit a postclosure plan as part of an application for an operation permit for a landfill required in Section 4 of 401 KAR 38:010 and pay the fees required by 401 KAR 39:120.]

††††† (2) In addition to 40 C.F.R. 264.143(e)(1), 40 C.F.R. 264.145(e)(1), 40 C.F.R. 264.147(a)(1)(ii), and 40 C.F.R. 264.147(b)(1)(ii), each insurance policy providing primary coverage shall be issued by an insurer that is authorized to transact insurance in Kentucky, except if KRS 304.11-030 establishes[as KRS 304.11-030 provides] otherwise.

††††† (3) The reference in 40 C.F.R. 264.570 and 265.440(a) to "December 6, 1990", shall be replaced with "August 18, 1994", for drip pads where F034 or F035 wastes are handled.

††††† (4) The reference in 40 C.F.R. 264.570 to "December 24, 1992", shall be replaced with "August 26, 1996", for drip pads where F034 or F035 wastes are handled.

††††† (5) A tank system that stores or treats materials that become hazardous waste subsequent to March 10, 1988, shall conduct an assessment of any existing tank systemís integrity within twelve (12) months after the date the waste becomes a hazardous waste.

††††† (6) In addition to the requirements in 40 C.F.R. 264.304, if the flow rate into the leak detection system exceeds the action leakage rate for any sump, the owner or operator shall notify the cabinet pursuant to 401 KAR 39:060, Section 6(1).

††††† (7) In addition to the requirements in 40 C.F.R. 264.226, 264.254, and 264.303, applicants shall demonstrate that the admixed liner shall be[is] structurally sound and chemically resistant to the waste placed in it to ensure that the liner shall be[is] capable of supporting the waste without cracking, disintegrating, or allowing waste or leachate to escape[The provisions of this administrative regulation shall apply to post closure permit applications submitted on or after the effective date of this administrative regulation, and to such applications which are not complete, as determined by the cabinet, by the effective date of this administrative regulation. Postclosure permit applications which are complete, as determined by the cabinet, by the effective date of this administrative regulation, shall be subject to this administrative regulation as in effect on October 26, 1988].

 

††††† Section 2. Owners and Operators of Interim Status Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities. (1) Except as established in subsections (2) through (4) of this section and Sections 5 through 9 of this administrative regulation, interim status standards for owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities shall be as established in 40 C.F.R. Part 265, except 40 C.F.R. 265.1(c)(4), 40 C.F.R. 265.1(c)(15), 40 C.F.R. 265.149, 40 C.F.R. 265.150, 40 C.F.R. 265.1030(c), 40 C.F.R. 265.1050(f), and 40 C.F.R. 265.1080(e) through[to] (g)[Filing Fees].

††††† (2) In addition to the requirements in 40 C.F.R. 265.303, if the flow rate into the leak detection system exceeds the action leakage rate for any sump, the owner or operator shall notify the cabinet pursuant to 401 KAR 39:060, Section 6(1)[Any owner or operator who submits an application for a postclosure permit or permit renewal for a hazardous waste site or facility shall submit with the application a nonrefundable filing fee in the amount of $4,000].

††††† (3) In addition to 40 C.F.R. 265.143(d)(1), 40 C.F.R. 265.145(d)(1), 40 C.F.R. 265.147(a)(1)(ii), and 40 C.F.R. 265.147(b)(1)(ii), each insurance policy providing primary coverage shall be issued by an insurer who is authorized to transact insurance in Kentucky, except if KRS 304.11-030 establishes[as KRS 304.11-030 provides] otherwise.

††††† (4) As of January 12, 1991, a facility that failed to qualify for federal interim status for any waste code promulgated pursuant to HSWA or that lost interim status for failing to certify as required by HSWA for any newly promulgated waste code, shall also be denied interim status pursuant to this administrative regulation.

 

††††† Section 3. Specific Hazardous Wastes and Facilities. Except as established in subsections (1) through (3) of this section and Sections 5 through 9 of this administrative regulation, standards for the management of specific hazardous wastes and specific types of hazardous waste management facilities shall be as established in 40 C.F.R. Part 266[Review Fee].

††††† (1) The Tier I and Tier II Feed Rate and Emissions Screening Limits for Carcinogenic Metals for Facilities in Noncomplex Terrain in 40 C.F.R. Part 266, Appendix I, Table I-D shall be replaced with Table I-D in this subsection.

 


Table I-D: Tier I and Tier II Feed Rate and Emissions Screening Limits for Carcinogenic Metals for Facilities in Noncomplex Terrain

Terrain

adjusted

eff. stack

ht. (m)

Values for use in urban areas

Values for use in rural areas

Arsenic

(g/hr)

Cadmium

(g/hr)

Chromium

(g/hr)

Beryllium

(g/hr)

Arsenic

(g/hr)

Cadmium

(g/hr)

Chromium

(g/hr)

Beryllium

(g/hr)

4

4.6E-02

1.1E-01

1.7E-02

8.2E-02

2.4E-02

5.8E-02

8.6E-03

4.3E-02

6

5.4E-02

1.3E-01

1.9E-02

9.4E-02

2.8E-02

6.6E-02

1.0E-02

5.0E-02

8

6.0E-02

1.4E-01

2.2E-02

1.1E-01

3.2E-02

7.6E-02

1.1E-02

5.6E-02

10

6.8E-02

1.6E-01

2.4E-02

1.2E-01

3.6E-02

8.6E-02

1.3E-02

6.4E-02

12

7.6E-02

1.8E-01

2.7E-02

1.4E-01

4.3E-02

1.1E-01

1.6E-02

7.8E-02

14

8.6E-02

2.1E-01

3.1E-02

1.5E-01

5.4E-02

1.3E-01

2.0E-02

9.6E-02

16

9.6E-02

2.3E-01

3.5E-02

1.7E-01

6.8E-02

1.6E-01

2.4E-02

1.2E-01

18

1.1E-01

2.6E-01

4.0E-02

2.0E-01

8.2E-02

2.0E-01

3.0E-02

1.5E-01

20

1.2E-01

3.0E-01

4.4E-02

2.2E-01

1.0E-01

2.5E-01

3.7E-02

1.9E-01

22

1.4E-01

3.4E-01

5.0E-02

2.5E-01

1.3E-01

3.2E-01

4.8E-02

2.4E-01

24

1.6E-01

3.9E-01

5.8E-02

2.8E-01

1.7E-01

4.0E-01

6.0E-02

3.0E-01

26

1.8E-01

4.3E-01

6.4E-02

3.2E-01

2.1E-01

5.0E-01

7.6E-02

3.9E-01

28

2.0E-01

4.8E-01

7.2E-02

3.6E-01

2.7E-01

6.4E-01

9.8E-02

5.0E-01

30

2.3E-01

5.4E-01

8.2E-02

4.0E-01

3.5E-01

8.2E-01

1.2E-01

6.2E-01

35

3.0E-01

6.8E-01

1.0E-01

5.4E-01

5.4E-01

1.3E+00

1.9E-01

9.6E-01

40

3.6E-01

9.0E-01

1.3E-01

6.8E-01

8.2E-01

2.0E+00

3.0E-01

1.5E+00

45

4.6E-01

1.1E+00

1.7E-01

8.6E-01

1.1E+00

2.8E+00

4.2E-01

2.1E+00

50

6.0E-01

1.4E+00

2.2E-01

1.1E+00

1.5E+00

3.7E+00

5.4E-01

2.8E+00

55

7.6E-01

1.8E+00

2.7E-01

1.4E+00

2.0E+00

5.0E+00

7.2E-01

3.6E+00

60

9.4E-01

2.2E+00

3.4E-01

1.7E+00

2.7E+00

6.4E+00

9.6E-01

4.8E+00

65

1.1E+00

2.8E+00

4.2E-01

2.1E+00

3.6E+00

8.6E+00

1.3E+00

6.4E+00

70

1.3E+00

3.1E+00

4.6E-01

2.4E+00

4.3E+00

1.0E+01

1.5E+00

7.6E+00

75

1.5E+00

3.6E+00

5.4E-01

2.7E+00

5.0E+00

1.2E+01

1.8E+00

9.0E+00

80

1.7E+00

4.0E+00

6.0E-01

3.0E+00

6.0E+00

1.4E+01

2.2E+00

1.1E+01

85

1.9E+00

4.6E+00

6.8E-01

3.4E+00

7.2E+00

1.7E+01

2.6E+00

1.3E+01

90

2.2E+00

5.0E+00

7.8E-01

3.9E+00

8.6E+00

2.0E+01

3.0E+00

1.5E+01

95

2.5E+00

5.8E+00

9.0E-01

4.4E+00

1.0E+01

2.4E+01

3.6E+00

1.8E+01

100

2.8E+00

6.8E+00

1.0E+00

5.0E+00

1.2E+01

2.9E+01

4.3E+00

2.2E+01

105

3.2E+00

7.6E+00

1.1E+00

5.6E+00

1.4E+01

3.4E+01

5.0E+00

2.6E+01

110

3.6E+00

8.6E+00

1.3E+00

6.4E+00

1.7E+01

4.0E+01

6.0E+00

3.0E+01

115

4.0E+00

9.6E+00

1.5E+00

7.2E+00

2.0E+01

4.8E+01

7.2E+00

3.6E+01

120

4.6E+00

1.1E+01

1.7E+00

8.2E+00

2.4E+01

5.8E+01

8.6E+00

4.3E+01

 


††††† (2) The Tier I and Tier II Feed Rate and Emissions Screening Limits for Carcinogenic Metals for Facilities in Complex Terrain, Values for use in Urban and Rural Areas in 40 C.F.R. Part 266, Appendix I, Table I-E shall be replaced with Table I-E in this subsection.

Table I-E: Tier I and Tier II Feed Rate and Emissions Screening Limits for Carcinogenic Metals for Facilities in Complex Terrain, Values for use in Urban and Rural Areas

Terrain adjusted eff. stack ht. (m)

Values for use in urban and rural areas

Arsenic (g/hr)

Cadmium (g/hr)

Chromium (g/hr)

Beryllium (g/hr)

4

1.1E-02

2.6E-02

4.0E-03

2.0E-02

6

1.6E-02

3.9E-02

5.8E-03

2.9E-02

8

2.4E-02

5.8E-02

8.6E-03

4.3E-02

10

3.5E-02

8.2E-02

1.3E-02

6.2E-02

12

4.3E-02

1.0E-01

1.5E-02

7.6E-02

14

5.0E-02

1.3E-01

1.9E-02

9.4E-02

16

6.0E-02

1.4E-01

2.2E-02

1.1E-01

18

6.8E-02

1.6E-01

2.4E-02

1.2E-01

20

7.6E-02

1.8E-01

2.7E-02

1.3E-01

22

8.2E-02

1.9E-01

3.0E-02

1.5E-01

24

9.0E-02

2.1E-01

3.3E-02

1.6E-01

26

1.0E-01

2.4E-01

3.6E-02

1.8E-01

28

1.1E-01

2.7E-01

4.0E-02

2.0E-01

30

1.2E-01

3.0E-01

4.4E-02

2.2E-01

35

1.5E-01

3.7E-01

5.4E-02

2.7E-01

40

1.9E-01

4.6E-01

6.8E-02

3.4E-01

45

2.4E-01

5.4E-01

8.4E-02

4.2E-01

50

2.9E-01

6.8E-01

1.0E-01

5.0E-01

55

3.5E-01

8.4E-01

1.3E-01

6.4E-01

60

4.3E-01

1.0E+00

1.5E-01

7.8E-01

65

5.4E-01

1.3E+00

1.9E-01

9.6E-01

70

6.0E-01

1.4E+00

2.2E-01

1.1E+00

75

6.8E-01

1.6E+00

2.4E-01

1.2E+00

80

7.6E-01

1.8E+00

2.7E-01

1.3E+00

85

8.2E-01

2.0E+00

3.0E-01

1.5E+00

90

9.4E-01

2.3E+00

3.4E-01

1.7E+00

95

1.0E+00

2.5E+00

4.0E-01

1.9E+00

100

1.2E+00

2.8E+00

4.3E-01

2.1E+00

105

1.3E+00

3.2E+00

4.8E-01

2.4E+00

110

1.5E+00

3.5E+00

5.4E-01

2.7E+00

115

1.7E+00

4.0E+00

6.0E-01

3.0E+00

120

1.9E+00

4.4E+00

6.4E-01

3.3E+00

††††† (3) The Risk Specific Doses (10-5) in 40 C.F.R. Part 266, Appendix V shall be replaced with Appendix V in this subsection.

Appendix V: Risk specific doses (10-6)

Constituent

CAS No.

Unit risk

(m3/ug)

RsD

(ug/m3)

Acrylamide

79-06-1

1.3E-03

7.7E-04

Acrylonitrile

107-13-1

6.8E-05

1.5E-02

Aldrin

309-00-2

4.9E-03

2.0E-04

Aniline

62-53-3

7.4E-06

1.4E-01

Arsenic

7440-38-2

4.3E-03

2.3E-04

Benz(a)anthracene

56-55-3

8.9E-04

1.1E-03

Benzene

71-43-2

8.3E-06

1.2E-01

Benzidine

92-87-5

6.7E-02

1.5E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene

50-32-8

3.3E-03

3.0E-04

Beryllium

7440-41-7

2.4E-03

4.2E-04

Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether

111-44-4

3.3E-04

3.0E-03

Bis(chloromethyl)ether

542-88-1

6.2E-02

1.6E-05

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate

117-81-7

2.4E-07

4.2E+00

1,3-Butadiene

106-99-0

2.8E-04

3.6E-03

Cadmium

7440-43-9

1.8E-03

5.6E-04

Carbon Tetrachloride

56-23-5

1.5E-05

6.7E-02

Chlordane

57-74-9

3.7E-04

2.7E-03

Chloroform

67-66-3

2.3E-05

4.3E-02

Chloromethane

74-87-3

3.6E-06

2.8E-01

Chromium VI

7440-47-3

1.2E-02

8.3E-05

DDT

50-29-3

9.7E-05

1.0E-02

Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

53-70-3

1.4E-02

7.1E-05

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane

96-12-8

6.3E-03

1.6E-04

1,2-Dibromoethane

106-93-4

2.2E-04

4.5E-03

1,1-Dichloroethane

75-34-3

2.6E-05

3.8E-02

1,2-Dichloroethane

107-06-2

2.6E-05

3.8E-02

1,1-Dichloroethylene

75-35-4

5.0E-05

2.0E-02

1,3-Dichloropropene

542-75-6

3.5E-01

2.9E-06

Dieldrin

60-57-1

4.6E-03

2.2E-04

Diethylstilbestrol

56-53-1

1.4E-01

7.1E-06

Dimethylnitrosamine

62-75-9

1.4E-02

7.1E-05

2,4-Dinitrotoluene

121-14-2

8.8E-05

1.1E-02

1,2-Diphenylhydrazine

122-66-7

2.2E-04

4.5E-03

1,4-Dioxane

123-91-1

1.4E-06

7.1E-01

Epichlorohydrin

106-89-8

1.2E-06

8.3E-01

Ethylene Oxide

75-21-8

1.0E-04

1.0E-02

Ethylene Dibromide

106-93-4

2.2E-04

4.5E-03

Formaldehyde

50-00-0

1.3E-05

7.7E-02

Heptachlor

76-44-8

1.3E-03

7.7E-04

Heptachlor Epoxide

1024-57-3

2.6E-03

3.8E-04

Hexachlorobenzene

118-74-1

4.9E-04

2.0E-03

Hexachlorobutadiene

87-68-3

2.0E-05

5.0E-02

Alpha-hexachlorocyclo-hexane

319-84-6

1.8E-03

5.6E-04

Beta-hexachlorocyclo-hexane

319-85-7

5.3E-04

1.9E-03

Gamma-hexachlorocy-clohexane

58-89-9

3.8E-04

2.6E-03

Hexachlorocyclohex-ane, Technical

 

5.1E-04

2.0E-03

Hexachlorodibenxo-p-dioxin(1,2 Mixture)

 

1.3E+0

7.7E-07

Hexachloroethane

67-72-1

4.0E-06

2.5E+01

Hydrazine

302-01-2

2.9E-03

3.4E-04

Hydrazine Sulfate

302-01-2

2.9E-03

3.4E-04

3-Methylcholanthrene

56-49-5

2.7E-03

3.7E-04

Methyl Hydrazine

60-34-4

3.1E-04

3.2E-03

Methylene Chloride

75-09-2

4.1E-06

2.4E-01

4,4'-Methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline

101-14-4

4.7E-05

2.1E-02

Nickel

7440-02-0

2.4E-04

4.2E-03

Nickel Refinery Dust

7440-02-0

2.4E-04

4.2E-03

Nickel Subsulfide

12035-72-2

4.8E-04

2.1E-03

2-Nitropropane

79-46-9

2.7E-02

3.7E-05

N-Nitroso-n-butylamine

924-16-3

1.6E-03

6.3E-04

N-Nitroso-n-methylurea

684-93-5

8.6E-02

1.2E-05

N-Nitrosodiethylamine

55-18-5

4.3E-02

2.3E-05

N-Nitrosopyrrolidine

930-55-2

6.1E-04

1.6E-03

Pentachloronitroben-zene

82-68-8

7.3E-05

1.4E-02

PCBs

1336-36-3

1.2E-03

8.3E-04

Pronamide

23950-58-5

4.6E-06

2.2E-01

Reserpine

50-55-5

3.0E-03

3.3E-04

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodi-benzo-p-dioxin

1746-01-6

4.5E+01

2.2E-08

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloro-ethane

79-34-5

5.8E-05

1.7E-02

Tetrachloroethylene

127-18-4

4.8E-07

2.1E+00

Thiourea

62-56-6

5.5E-04

1.8E-03

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

79-00-5

1.6E-05

6.3E-02

Trichloroethylene

79-01-6

1.3E-06

7.7E-01

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

88-06-2

5.7E-06

1.8E-01

Toxaphene

8001-35-2

3.2E-04

3.1E-03

Vinyl Chloride

75-01-4

7.1E-06

1.4E-01

[Any owner or operator who submits an application for a postclosure permit or permit renewal for a hazardous waste site or facility shall submit with the application a nonrefundable review fee. Any owner or operator who has submitted an application but has not received a permit shall be subject to these fees. The review fee shall be $9,000.]

 

††††† Section 4. Standardized Permits. Except as established in Sections 5 through 9 of this administrative regulation, the standards for owners and operators of hazardous waste facilities operating under a standardized permit shall be as established in 40 C.F.R. 267, except 40 C.F.R. 267.150[Submittal of Fees. (1) The fees shall be submitted to the cabinet with the permit application.

††††† (2) All checks or money orders shall be made payable to the Kentucky State Treasurer].

 

††††† Section 5. Flood Plains. (1)[(a)] Except as established in subsection (3)(b) of this section[paragraph (c)2. of this subsection], a facility located in a 100-year flood plain shall be designed, constructed, operated, maintained, and refitted if necessary, to prevent washout of any hazardous waste and to protect the facility from inundation by waters of the 100-year flood plain throughout the:

††††† (a)[1.] Active life of the facility;

††††† (b)[2.] Closure phase of the facility; and

††††† (c)[3.] For disposal facilities only, the post-closure phase.

††††† (2)[(b)] Prevention of washout and protection from inundation shall be accomplished by:

††††† (a)[1.] Using a structure or device designed to:

††††† 1.[a.] Provide adequate freeboard to prevent overtopping of the structure during a 100-year flood due to wind and wave action;

††††† 2.[b.] Provide sufficient structural integrity to prevent massive failure due to the force and erosive tendencies of the 100-year floodwaters; and

††††† 3.[c.] Accommodate other characteristics of the facility's location as necessary to accomplish the requirements of this subsection;

††††† (b)[2.] Providing procedures that shall cause the waste to be removed safely, before floodwaters can reach the facility, to a location where the wastes shall[will] not be vulnerable to floodwaters; or

††††† (c)[3.] Demonstrating that alternate devices or measures, with the exception of covering the waste, shall provide protection that meets the requirements of this subsection.

††††† (3)[paragraph. (c)] The cabinet shall not issue a permit to construct a new hazardous waste:

††††† (a)[1.] Site or facility in the floodway; or

††††† (b)[2.] Disposal site or facility in the 100-year flood plain or a seasonal high-water table.

††††† (4)[(d)] A hazardous waste site or facility shall not restrict the flow of the 100-year flood or reduce the temporary water storage capacity of the 100-year flood plain so as to pose a hazard to human life, wildlife, or land or water resources.

††††† (5)[(e)] A facility that has closed and removed all hazardous waste, waste constituents, contaminated soil, debris, or other material contaminated with hazardous constituents, shall not be required to protect the closed portion of the facility from washout of waste or inundation by waters of the 100-year flood.

 

††††† Section 6. Chemical Demilitarization. (1) In addition to the requirements in 40 C.F.R. Part 264, the cabinet shall consider the criteria established in subsection (2) of this section in making a determination to issue, deny, or condition a permit for any person applying for a permit to construct or operate a hazardous waste site or facility for treatment, storage, or disposal of any of the hazardous wastes listed in 401 KAR 39:060, Section 3(4).

††††† (2) The permit applicant shall affirmatively demonstrate and the cabinet shall determine prior to issuance, conditional issuance, or denial of the permit that:

††††† (a)1. The proposed treatment or destruction technology has been proven in an operational facility of scale, configuration, and throughput comparable to the proposed facility, for a period of time sufficient to provide assurance of 99.9999 percent destruction and removal efficiency of each substance proposed to be treated or destroyed as established in KRS 224.50-130(3)(a).

††††† 2. Destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) shall be determined for each waste from the following equation:

††††† DRE % = (Win Ė Wout) /Winx 100%[Win]

††††† Where:

††††† Win = Mass feed rate of waste into the process.

††††† Wout = Mass emission rate of the same waste out of the process;[.]

††††† (b)1. Monitoring data from a comparable facility shall reflect the absence of emissions from stack or fugitive sources, including the products of combustion and incomplete combustion, which alone or in combination present an adverse effect on human health or the environment in accordance with KRS 224.50-130(3)(b).

††††† 2. The cabinet shall determine from the monitoring data the absence of risk to human health and the environment prior to permit issuance;[.]

††††† (c) A plan has been developed and funded providing for sufficient training, coordination, and equipment for state and local emergency response consistent with the requirements established[set forth] in KRS 224.50-130(c); and[.]

††††† (d) All workers within 1000 meters of the treatment unit shall be[are] provided with an adequate level of protection against exposure to the nerve agents.

††††† (3) In addition to the performance standards established in Section 1 of this administrative regulation, a facility treating the nerve and blister agents with hazardous waste codes N001, N002, or N003 established in 401 KAR 39:060, Section 3(4) shall be designed, constructed, and maintained to achieve a 99.9999 percent destruction and removal efficiency of each substance treated or destroyed.

††††† (4)(a) An owner or operator that[who] stores munitions or explosive hazardous wastes that contain the substances established[specified] in 401 KAR 39:060, Section 3(4), shall be subject to the requirements of 40 C.F.R. 264, Subpart EE.

††††† (b) As referenced in 40 C.F.R. 266.202(a), military munitions shall not include any material containing the substances established in 401 KAR 39:060, Section 3(4).

††††† (c) Waste military munitions that are chemical agents or chemical munitions and that exhibit a hazardous waste characteristic or are listed as hazardous waste in 401 KAR 39:060, Section 3(4), shall be subject to the applicable regulatory requirements of 401 KAR Chapter 39, including the storage prohibitions referenced in 40 C.F.R. 268.50 as established in 401 KAR 39:060, Section 4.

 

††††† Section 7. Financial Assurance. (1)(a) An owner or operator may satisfy the financial assurance requirements of this administrative regulation by submitting to the cabinet by certified mail, a bond guaranteeing compliance with KRS Chapter 224 and administrative regulations promulgated pursuant thereto.

††††† (b) The bond shall be supported by a cash account or certificate of deposit.

††††† (c) The cash account or the certificate of deposit shall be held in escrow pursuant to an escrow agreement.

††††† (d) An owner or operator of a new facility shall submit the bond to the cabinet at least sixty (60) days before the date on which hazardous waste is first received for treatment, storage, or disposal.

††††† (e) A cash account or certificate of deposit shall only be held by a bank or financial institution that is subject to and complies with all applicable state and federal financial regulations.

††††† (2) In addition to the financial assurance wording of instruments referenced in 40 C.F.R. 264.143, 40 C.F.R. 264.145, 40 C.F.R. 264.147, 40 C.F.R. 264.151, 40 C.F.R. 265.143, 40 C.F.R. 265.145, 40 C.F.R. 265.147, 40 C.F.R 267.143, 40 C.F.R. 267.147, and 40 C.F.R. 267.151, the owner or operator shall include the following information if using cash or certificate of deposit:

††††† (a) Date that the signatory signed the document in front of the notary public;

††††† (b) Signature, seal, and the date that the notary publicís commission expires;

††††† (c) Dollar amount being posted in escrow in words and in United States dollars;

††††† (d) Certificate number, date of issuance, and principal dollar amount in United States dollars, of each certificate of deposit;

††††† (e) Cash account number, date of opening, and principal dollar amount in United States dollars of each cash account maintained;

††††† (f) Signature of the authorized representative of the escrow agent; and

(g) Signature of the Director of the Kentucky Division of Waste Management.

††††† (3) The cabinet shall be the beneficiary of the Escrow Agreement to demonstrate closure, post-closure, or corrective action for the cash account or certificate of deposit.

††††† (4) The cabinet shall be empowered to draw upon the funds if the owner or operator fails to perform closure, post-closure, or corrective action in accordance with the respective plan.

††††† (5) The sum of the cash account or certificate of deposit shall be in an amount at least equal to the amount of the current closure, post-closure, or corrective action cost estimate, except as established in this subsection.

††††† (6) After each interest period is completed, if the current closure, post-closure, or corrective action cost estimate changes, the owner or operator shall compare the new estimate with the trustee's most recent annual valuation of the cash accounts or the certificate of deposit.

††††† (a) If the value of the cash accounts or certificate of deposit is less than the amount of the new estimate, the owner or operator, within sixty (60) days of the change in the cost estimate, shall:

††††† 1. Deposit an amount into the cash accounts or the certificate of deposit so that the[its] value after this deposit at least equals the amount of the current closure, post-closure, or corrective action cost estimate; or

††††† 2. Obtain other financial assurance as established in 40 C.F.R. Parts 264 or 265 to cover the difference.

††††† (b) If the value of the cash account or the certificate of deposit is greater than the total amount of the current closure, post-closure, or corrective action cost estimate, the owner or operator may submit a written request to the cabinet for release of the amount in excess of the current closure, post-closure, or corrective action cost estimate.

††††† (7)(a) The terms of the escrow agreement for a cash account or certificate of deposit shall provide a provision for a notice of cancellation by certified mail to the owner or operator and to the cabinet prior to cancellation.

††††† (b) The cancellation provision shall state that cancellation shall not occur during the 120 days beginning on the date of receipt of the notice of cancellation by both the owner or operator and the cabinet, as evidenced by return receipt.

††††† (8) The owner or operator may cancel the cash account or certificate of deposit if the cabinet has given prior written consent. The cabinet shall provide a written consent if:

††††† (a) An owner or operator substitutes alternate financial assurance as established in this administrative regulation; or

††††† (b) The cabinet releases the owner or operator from the requirements of this administrative regulation in accordance with this administrative regulation.

††††† (9)(a) An owner or operator or any other person authorized to perform closure, post-closure, or corrective action may request reimbursement for closure, post-closure, or corrective action expenditures by submitting itemized bills to the cabinet.

††††† (b) Within sixty (60) days after receiving bills for closure, post-closure, or corrective action activities, the cabinet shall determine if the closure, post-closure, or corrective action expenditures are in accordance with the plan or approved, and if so, the cabinet may instruct the bank or financial institution to make reimbursements in those amounts as stated in writing if the cabinet determines that the expenditures are in accordance with the plan or approved.

††††† (10) If a financial mechanism is used for multiple facilities, all matters arising in accordance with the financial mechanism related to the validity, interpretation, performance, and enforcement of the financial mechanism shall be determined in accordance with the law and practice of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

††††† (11) Except as established[provided] in 401 KAR Chapter 39 and KRS 224.46, a variance or other waiver of any financial requirements shall not be granted by the cabinet.

††††† (12) Upon request by the cabinet, the insurer shall provide to the cabinet a duplicate original of the policy including all endorsements thereon.

††††† (13)(a) Based on evidence that the owner or operator may no longer meet the financial test for any financial assurance posted, the cabinet shall[may] require reports of financial condition from the owner or operator.

††††† (b) If the cabinet determines, based on the reports of financial condition or other information, that the owner or operator no longer meets the financial test for any financial assurance posted, the owner or operator shall provide financial assurance using the appropriate instrument as established[specified] in this administrative regulation within thirty (30) days after notification of the cabinetís determination.

††††† (14) In addition to 40 C.F.R. 264.151 requiring an owner or operator to notify several Regional Administrators of their financial obligations, the owner or operator shall notify both the cabinet and all Regional Administrators of Regions that are affected by the owner or operator's financial assurance mechanisms.

 

††††† Section 8. Releases from Solid Waste Management Units. The owner or operator of a facility, any person seeking a permit, or any person closing a facility for the treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous waste, shall institute corrective action as established in this section, necessary to protect human health and the environment for all releases of hazardous waste or constituents from any solid waste management unit at the facility, regardless of the time at which waste was placed in the unit.

††††† (1) A facility assessment shall be conducted consistent with the substantive requirements established in 401 KAR 100:030, Sections 6(1) and (2).

††††† (2) A fee for the facility assessment shall be required as established in KRS 224.46-016(3).

††††† (3)(a) Corrective action shall be established in the permit or other enforceable document in accordance with this administrative regulation.

††††† (b) The permit or other enforceable document shall contain:

††††† 1. A schedule of compliance for the corrective action, if corrective action will not be completed prior to issuance of the permit or closure of the facility; and

††††† 2. An assurance of financial responsibility for completing the corrective action.

††††† (4)(a) A required facility investigation shall be conducted consistent with the requirements established in 401 KAR 100:030, Section 6(3) through (8), Section 7(2)(a)1 and 2, and Section 7(2)(b) and (c).

††††† (b) A fee for the facility investigation shall be required as established in KRS 224.46-016(4) and 224.46-018(5)(a).

††††† (5)(a) A required plan or report for corrective action shall be conducted consistent with the substantive requirements established in 401 KAR 100:030, Section 8(1) and (3) and Section 9(1) and (2).

††††† (b) A fee for corrective action shall be required as established in KRS 224.46-016(4) and 224.46-018(5)(b).

††††† (6) The owner or operator shall implement corrective actions beyond the facility property boundary, if necessary to protect human health and the environment, unless the owner or operator demonstrates to the cabinet that, despite the owner's or operator's best efforts, the owner or operator was unable to obtain permission to implement corrective actions beyond the facility property boundary.

††††† (a) The owner or operator shall not be relieved of all responsibility to clean up a release that has migrated beyond the facility property boundary if off-site access is denied.

††††† (b) On-site measures to address releases beyond the facility property boundary shall be determined in accordance with 401 KAR Chapter 39.

††††† (c) An assurance of financial responsibility for corrective action for releases beyond the facility property boundary shall be provided.

††††† (7) This section shall not apply to a remediation waste management site unless the site[it] is part of a facility subject to a permit for treating, storing, or disposing of hazardous wastes that are not remediation wastes.

††††† (8) The schedule for closure of each hazardous waste management unit and for final closure of the facility required to be included in the closure plan established in subsection (5) of this section, shall also comply with the requirements in KRS 224.46-520(8).

 

††††† Section 9. Exceptions and Additions. (1)(a) In the event of a release or threatened release of a pollutant or contaminant to the environment the facility shall comply with the requirements of 401 KAR 39:060, Section 6(1).

††††† (b) If the owner or operator detects a condition that may have caused or has caused a release of hazardous waste, the condition shall be repaired in accordance with KRS 224.1-400.

††††† (c) The reference to "EPA notification procedures" referenced in 40 C.F.R. Parts 264 to 267 shall be replaced with the notification procedures established in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

††††† (2) Any reports, notifications, information, or documents required to be submitted to EPA, shall also be submitted to the cabinet at the same time.

††††† (3) In addition to[Section 3008 of] RCRA, Section 3008, KRS 224.10-420 through 224.10-470, 224.46-530, and 224.99-010 shall apply.

††††† (4) In addition to[Section 3004(o)(1) of] RCRA, Section 3004(o)(1) KRS 224.46-530(1)(h) and (i), Sections 1 and 2 of this administrative regulation shall apply.

††††† (5) The citation to[Section 3004(k) of] RCRA, Section 3004(k) shall be replaced with KRS 224.1-010(43).

††††† (6) In addition to the requirements in[Section 3005 of] RCRA, Section 3005, KRS 224.46-520, KRS 224.46-530, 401 KAR 39:060, and this administrative regulation shall apply.

††††† (7) In addition to[Section 7003 of] RCRA, Section 7003, KRS 224.10-410 shall apply.

††††† (8) In addition to[Section 3005(j)(1) of] RCRA, Section 3005(j)(1), Sections 1 and 2 of this administrative regulation shall apply.

††††† (9) In addition to RCRA, Sections 3004(o)(2) and (3), Section 1 of this administrative regulation shall apply.

††††† (10) In addition to RCRA, Sections 3005(j)(2), (3), (4), and (13), Section 2 of this administrative regulation shall apply.

††††† (11) The requirements in[Section 3010(a) of] RCRA, Section 3010(a) shall be replaced with the requirements established in 401 KAR 39:080, Section 1(2).

††††† (12) In addition to[Section 3019 of] RCRA, Section 3019, KAR 39:060, and KRS 224.46-520(1) shall apply.

††††† (13) In addition to[Section 3004(d) of] RCRA, Section 3004(d), KRS 224.46-520(2) shall apply.

††††† (14) Any decision to shorten the post-closure period or the post-closure monitoring and maintenance of a permitted facility shall be made in accordance with KRS 224.46-520(4).

††††† (15) Waste, used oil, or material contaminated with dioxins or hazardous wastes shall not be used as a dust suppressant.

††††† (16) In addition to the import notifications referenced in 40 C.F.R. 264.12(a) and 40 C.F.R. 265.12(a) being submitted to the U.S. EPA, a copy shall be submitted to the cabinet at the same time.

††††† (17) In addition to the requirements in 40 C.F.R. Part 264 and 40 C.F.R. Part 265, owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities and owners and operators of interim status hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities shall prepare a Hazardous Waste Annual Report for the cabinet annually as established in 401 KAR 39:080, Section 1(8)(a).

††††† (18) The citations to[Sections 301, 307, and 402 of] the Clean Water Act, Sections 301, 307, and 402 in 40 C.F.R. Part 264 and 40 C.F.R. Part 265, shall also include any applicable Kentucky requirements as established in 401 KAR Chapter 5.

††††† (19) The citations to 40 C.F.R. Part 60 and 40 C.F.R. Part 61, shall also include 401 KAR 60:005 and 401 KAR 57:002, respectively.

††††† (20) The citation to 40 C.F.R. 63, Subpart EEE shall also include 401 KAR 63:002, Section 2(4)(rr).

(21) The citation to 40 C.F.R. 124.15 in 40 C.F.R. 264.1030(c), 40 C.F.R. 264.1050(c), 40 C.F.R. 264.1080(c), 40 C.F.R. 265.1080(c) shall be replaced with 40 C.F.R. 124.5.

††††† (22) The citations to 40 C.F.R. Part 144 in 40 C.F.R. Parts 264, 265, and 267 shall be replaced with 805 KAR 1:110.

††††† (23) If multiple facilities are covered by the same financial assurance mechanism as referenced in 40 C.F.R. 264.143(h), 40 C.F.R. 264.145(h), 40 C.F.R. 264.147(a)(1)(i), 40 C.F.R. 264.147(b)(1)(i), 40 C.F.R. 265.143(g), 40 C.F.R. 265.147(a)(1)(i), 40 C.F.R. 265.147(b)(1)(i), and 40 C.F.R. 265.145(g), evidence of financial assurance shall be submitted to the cabinet and, as appropriate, to the Regional Administrator and other state directors.

††††† (24) The citations to the Safe Drinking Water Act shall also include any applicable Kentucky requirements as established in 401 KAR Chapters 6, 8, 9, and 10, and 805 KAR Chapter 1.

 

CHARLES G. SNAVELY, Secretary

††††† APPROVED BY AGENCY: October 13, 2017

††††† FILED WITH LRC: October 13, 2017 at 11 a.m.

††††† CONTACT PERSON: Louanna Aldridge, Environmental Control Supervisor, 300 Sower Blvd., 2nd Floor, phone (502)782-6538, fax (502) 564-4245, email Louan-na.Aldridge@ky.gov.